This is an analysis overview of the “Schedule of Dr. Wright’s Further Forged Documents” in the case of Crypto Open Patent Alliance (COPA) vs. Dr Craig Steven Wright. This document is a pivotal piece in the legal proceedings, where COPA challenges Dr Wright’s assertion of being Satoshi Nakamoto, the enigmatic creator of Bitcoin.
Overview of the Legal Context
The document is part of a legal battle in the High Court of Justice, Business and Property Courts of England & Wales, Intellectual Property List (ChD). It serves as an extension to the PTR judgment dated 20 December 2023 and focuses on 20 documents from the Additional Documents, which COPA alleges are forgeries by Dr. Wright. These documents are central to Dr. Wright’s claim to the identity of Satoshi Nakamoto.
Detailed Allegations of Forgery
The schedule meticulously lists and analyzes each document, providing reasons and expert opinions to support the allegations of forgery. The primary accusation is that Dr. Wright either personally altered these documents or had them altered to substantiate his claim of being Satoshi Nakamoto.
LaTeX Files Analysis
A significant portion of the document is dedicated to analyzing several LaTeX files, notably “main.tex” and “E-Cash-main.tex”. These files are claimed by Craig Wright to have been used in writing the Bitcoin White Paper.
- Technical Discrepancies: The experts’ analysis points to various technical discrepancies in the documents. For instance, the font encoding and embedding in the alleged original Bitcoin White Paper are fundamentally incompatible with LaTeX, especially the version available in 2009.
- Metadata and Editing History: The metadata suggests the recent creation and editing of these files. For example, the document “main.tex” was shown to have undergone over 211 edits between 19 November and 1 December 2023, which contradicts Dr. Wright’s claims about the document’s origin.
The BDOPC.raw File
- BDOPC.raw originated from a computer last used in July 2007, but the content was later altered in September 2023 by adding, modifying, and deleting files.
- The manipulation of BDOPC.raw involved setting the computer clock to October 2007 to mask the editing artefacts, suggesting intentional backdating.
- Metadata from 2023 was replaced with that from 2007, particularly indicating modifications to a folder named “My Files” on 17 September 2023, which was later altered to appear as if it were from October 2007.
- The original BDOPC image ran on Windows XP, which did not support Transaction Log metadata. However, the .raw file contains such metadata, implying it was edited with a later version of Windows that recorded extensive revisions.
- Documents among the 97 New Reliance Documents, purported to back Dr Wright’s claim, were added in September 2023 from a different user account than the pre-existing files, with a unique Security ID (SID).
- Sessions of editing reflected by Object ID metadata on the BDOPC.raw file took place on 17, 18, and 19 September 2023, interspersed with sessions backdated to 31 October 2023.
- All Object IDs created in September 2023 matched the SID of the user account that performed the manipulations, referred to as the “Manipulation User.”
- Additionally, multiple iterations of the drive image were found on the same storage device, with two particular images, InfoDefoog.raw and Image.raw, being almost identical to BDOPC.raw but containing data relevant to the New Reliance Documents, suggesting a systematic alteration of data.
These points collectively hint at deliberate attempts to forge documents to support Dr. Wright’s claim of being Satoshi Nakamoto, casting doubt on the authenticity of the evidence presented and raising questions about the veracity of his claims.
A Competing Transaction or Block Model
- Nature of the Document: It discusses technical concepts that are similar to those addressed in the Bitcoin White Paper, including a time hash protocol, double-spending, and conflicting block transmissions.
- Allegation of Forgery: It is one of the 71 documents referred to as the New Reliance Documents, which have been inserted into the BDO Drive through a process that experts agree involves manipulation.
- Backdating Evidence: The document, an MS Word ‘.doc’ file, has metadata timestamps indicating it was created and modified in 2007, but it references MS Word version 11.9999, which wasn’t available until September 2007, suggesting anachronistic data entries.
- Metadata Discrepancies: The metadata implies it was authored by ‘Lynn Wright’ and was created with the aforementioned version of MS Word, which aligns with characteristics of other documents from Dr. Wright that have been deemed manipulations in COPA’s original Schedule of Forgeries.
- Source of the Document: The paper was sourced from BDOPC.raw and added by a user who is suggested to have been Dr Wright, referred to as the ‘Manipulation User’.
- Implications of Tampering: The alterations are purported to fabricate evidence supportive of Dr. Wright’s claim to be Nakamoto, which contradicts facts.
- Dr. Wright’s Emphasis on the Document: He has allegedly attached importance to this document, claiming it underpins the concepts developed in the Bitcoin White Paper.
Inconsistencies and Inferences
The document draws inferences about Dr. Wright’s knowledge and responsibility in the creation of these documents. It highlights several inconsistencies in his statements and actions:
- Creation and Editing Timeline: The timeline of the creation and editing of these documents, as revealed by the metadata, strongly suggests they were recently created.
- Technical Anachronisms: The use of modern LaTeX code and software packages in the documents, which were not available in 2009, further casts doubt on their authenticity.
- Contradictory Statements: Dr. Wright’s statements about the origin and nature of these documents are contradicted by the technical evidence presented.
Alleged Manipulation of Evidence
The schedule accuses Dr. Wright of manipulating evidence to support his narrative. It points to his alleged failure to disclose these documents during the initial stages of the legal proceedings and suggests that this was part of a strategy to delay the trial.
- Blaming Former Advisors: Dr. Wright is accused of falsely blaming his former advisors for the non-disclosure of these documents.
- Strategic Creation of Documents: The timing and manner of the creation of these documents are suggested to be strategic, and aimed at influencing the legal proceedings.
Expert Opinions and Technical Analysis
The document extensively references various expert reports and witness statements. These include detailed technical analyses that challenge the authenticity of the documents presented by Dr. Wright. The experts’ consensus is that the documents in question exhibit signs of recent creation and contain technical elements that would not have been possible at the time of the original Bitcoin White Paper’s creation.
The “Schedule of Dr. Wright’s Further Forged Documents” presents a comprehensive and technically substantiated argument against Dr. Wright’s claims. By combining detailed technical analysis, metadata examination, and expert testimonies, COPA aims to demonstrate that the documents central to Dr. Wright’s claim of being Satoshi Nakamoto are forgeries.
This document is a crucial element in the ongoing legal dispute, shedding light on the complexities and technicalities involved in proving the authenticity of digital documents and the identity of individuals in the cryptographically anonymous world of Bitcoin.
COPA alleges that Craig Wright fabricated numerous documents. In the upcoming Identity Issue trial, 20 out of 97 alleged forgeries will be examined. Following the trial’s conclusion, Justice Mellor is set to deliver a verdict on COPA’s fraud allegations against Wright.
Community moderator of the Banano memecoin since 2018. I have since been involved with numerous cryprtocurrencies, NFT projects and DeFi organizations.
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